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Wildflowers of the Southern Interior of British
Columbia and adjacent parts of Washington, Idaho
and Montana

Angove, K. & Bancroft, B. (1983). A guide to some common plants of the Southern Interior of British Columbia (Land Management Handbook, No. 7). Victoria, BC: Information Services Branch. British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Lands.

Bentham, G. (1930). Handbook of British flora (7th ed. revised by Sir J.D. Hooker). Kent: L. Reeve & Co.

Clark, G.H. & Fletcher, J.K. (1909). Farm weeds of Canada (2nd ed.) Ottawa, ON: Dominion of Canada, Department of Agriculture.

Clark, L.J. (1973). Wild flowers of British Columbia. Sidney, BC: Gray’s Publishing.

Cormack, R.G.H. (1967). Wild flowers of Alberta. Edmonton, AB: Department of Industry and Development.

Craighead, J.J., Craighead, F.C., & Davis, R.J. (1963). A field guide to Rocky Mountain wild flowers. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Haskin, L.L. (1959). Wild flowers of the Pacific Coast. Portland, OR: Binfords and Mort.

Henry, J.K. (1915). Flora of the Southern Interior of British Columbia and Vancouver Island. W. J. Gage.

Hitchcock, C.L., Cronquist, A., Ownby, M., & Thompson, J.W. (1969). Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest (Vol. 1-5). Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Hopkins, W.G. (1999). Introduction to plant physiology. Toronto, ON: John Wiley & Sons.

Hylander, C.J. (1954). The Macmillan wild flower book. Toronto, ON: Macmillan.

Larrison, E.J., Patrick, G.W., Baker, W.H., & Yaich, J.A. (1974). Washington wildflowers. Seattle, WA: Seattle Audubon Society.

Lemmon, R.S. & Johnson, C. (1961). Wild flowers of North America in full color. New York: Nelson Doubleday.

Lyons, C.P. (1959). Trees, shrubs and flowers to know in British Columbia (2nd ed.). Toronto, ON: J. M. Dent.

Meidinger, D. (1987). Recommended vernacular names for common plants of British Columbia (Research Report RR 87002-HQ). Victoria, BC: British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Lands.

Raven, P.H., Evert, R.F., & Eichorn, S.E. (1999). Biology of plants (6th ed.). New York; W. H. Freeman and Company/Worth Publishers.

Rickett, H.W. (1966). The Northwestern States. In Wild flowers of the United States (Vol. 5). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Scotter, G.W. & Flygare, H. (1986). Wildflowers of the Canadian Rockies. Edmonton, AB: Hurtig.

Spellenberg, R. (1979). The Audubon Society field guide to North American wildflowers, Western Region. New York: Knopf.

Szczawinski, A.F. (1969). The orchids of British Columbia (Handbook No. 16, 2nd ed.). Victoria, BC: British Columbia Provincial Museum, Dept. of Recreation and Conservation.

Taylor, R.L. & MacBryde, B. (1977). Vascular plants of British Columbia: a descriptive resource inventory. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press.

Taylor, T.M.C. (1966). The Lily Family (Liliaceae) of British Columbia (Handbook No. 25). Victoria, BC: British Columbia Provincial Museum: Dept. of Recreation and Conservation.


Photo Credits

  • Province of British Columbia:
    • Idaho Lookout, 6.
  • Steve Cannings:
    • Ballhead Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum capitatum), 111.
  • Anne Hau:
    • Golden Fleabane (Erigeron aureus), 167;
    • Western Meadow-rue (Thalictrum occidentale), 136; Replacement photograph for electronic version by Ward Strong.
  • Joan Herriot:
    • Blue-bead Clintonia (Clintonia uniflora), 287;
    • Red European Glasswort (Salicornia europaea subsp. rubra), 31;
    • Large-leaved Rattlesnake Orchid (Goodyera oblongifolia), 304;
    • Western Swamp Kalmia (Kalmia microphylla subsp. occidentalis), 33.
  • Les Hill:
    • Greater Bladderwort (Utricularia vulgaris), 197; Replacement photograph for electronic version by Simon Harrop, Norfolk Nature.
  • Sharon Loughlin:
    • Colombian Monkshood (Aconitum columbianum), 132; Replacement photograph for electronic version by Ward Strong.
    • Yellow Pond-lily (Nuphar lutea subsp. polysepala), 204.
  • Jim Pojar:
    • Buttercup-leaved Saxifrage (Suksdorfia ranuncifolia), 349; Replacement photograph for electronic version by Ken Harris, Plantfiles at Dave’s Garden.
    • Great Northern Aster (Aster modestus), 80; Replacement photograph for electronic version by John C. Semple (permission pending).
    • Small-leaved Montia (Montia parvifolia), 61; Replacement photograph for electronic version by Gary Ansell (permission pending).
  • Mary-Lou Tapson Jones:
    • Alpine White-Marsh marigold (Aster leptosepala), 331;
    • Drummond’s Rock Cress (Arabis drummondii), 99;
    • Fern-leaved Lomatium (Lomatium dissectum), 76;
    • Marsh Scullcap (Scutellaria galericulata), 119;
    • Narrow-leaved Skeletonweed (Stephanomeria tenuifolia), 23;
    • Red Sand Spurrey (Spergularia rubra), 29;
    • Spotted Coralroot (Corallorhiza maculata subsp. maculata), 126;
    • Swamp Hedge Nettle (Stachys palustris subsp. pilosa), 120;
    • Water Smartweed (Polygonum amphibium), 58.
  • Replacement Photographs for electronic version of guidebook:
  • Strong, Ward: Desert Parsley (Lomatium ambiguous); Small-flowered Blue-eyed Mary (Collinsia parviflora); Western Meadow-Rue (Talictrum occidentale); Columbian Monkshood (Aconitum columbium).
  • Ken Harris, Dave’s Garden: Buttercup-leaved Saxifrage (Suksdorfia ranuncifolio).
  • Simon Harrap, Norfolk Nature: Greater Bladderwort (Utricularia vulgarism).
  • Gary Ansell, Small-leaved Montia (Montia parvifolia) Permission pending.
  • John C. Semple. Great Northern Aster (Aster modestus) Permission pending.
  • Jim Riley. Elegant Rein Orchid (Piperia elegans).
  • All other photographs by Joan Burbridge.

Some of the photographs in the printed version of Wildflowers of the Southern Interior of British Columbia … were not available for this electronic version. New, replacement, photographs have kindly been supplied by Ward Strong, Ken Harris, Simon Harrap, Gary Ansell, John Semple and Jim Riley. See details above.